The History of Roulette
The term "Roulette" is derived from a French word meaning small wheel.
The origin of Roulette is not very clear. while some sources state that
Blaise Pascal, a 17th Century French mathematician invented the roulette
wheel, other sources state that the game originated in China and was
brought to Europe by Dominican monks who were trading with the
During the late 18th century the Roulette wheel became very popular
when Prince Charles (ruler of Monaco at the time introduced gambling to
Monacco as a way of alleviating the financial problems of the region.
However, the modern version of the Roulette wheel did not appear until
1842 when Frenchmen Francois and Louis Blanc invented the single "0"
roulette game. The game was eventually brought to America in the early
The single "0" modification was eventually rejected in America and the
two zeros "00" where returned to the Roulette wheel. The Roulette wheel
gained a great deal of popularity in America during the California Gold
There are two types of Roulette Games.
American Roulette Wheel: The American Roulette Wheel contains 38
numbers including 0, 00 and 1 to 36. Having two zeros (0, 00) gives the
house a 5.26 advantage. In other words, for every $100 a gambler bets, the
house will make $5.26 in profit.
European Roulette Wheel: The European Roulette Wheel contains 37
numbers including 0 and 1 to 36. Having one zero (0) gives the house a
2.70% advantage. In other words, for every $100 a gambler bets, the house
will make $2.70 in profit.
Other differences between the two Roulette Games: One major difference
pertains to the color of the gambling chips. While American casinos will
give the players different colored chips which will allow the players to
differentiate their chips/bets from other players, the European casinos
will give the players the same coloured chips. Thus unlike the players at
American casinos, gamblers at European casinos need to rely on memory to
distinguish their chips/bets from those of other players.
Another difference between the two games includes the fact that in
European casinos, croupiers use a long stick known as the Rake to sweep in
all chips, while the American casino dealers will use their hands and arms
to sweep the chips off the table.
The last major difference between the two types of Roulette games is
that if the ball lands on the zero (0) in a European casino, then the
gambler is offered the option of utilising the en prison rule, whereby he
may choose to either surrender one half of his/her outside wagers or to
leave them for the next game.
After purchasing the chips from the dealer, the player places them on
the desired positions on the table in an attempt to predict where the ball
will land after the wheel is spun and the ball comes to a stop.
Once the chips are placed on the table and the bets are made, the
dealer spins the Roulette wheel while spinning the ball in the opposite
direction inside the Roulette wheel. Players are allowed to continue
placng their bets during the spin until the dealer says "No more
When the wheel slows down and the ball drops into one of the numbered
slots, the dealer places a marker on the winning number on the Roulette
table. The players who bet on the winning number or color are rewarded
while the players who bet on the losing number(s) lose their chips to the
Today, Roulette continues to be one of the most popular classic casino
games, especially in Europe. This is due to the fact that European
Roulette has only one zero and as a result offers a more appealing house
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